The Buckingham section of town is one of the most dense collection of historical ruins in Glastonbury and Buckingham Park is no exception. There are three small dams within the confines of the park, all on top of each other.
The lower dam is the most visible as the trail crosses right over it, which has caused erosion over the years. It’s small, standing no more than a few feet high but stretching nearly 20 yards across. It is mostly made of dirt, although there are some large rocks where the water now runs. Next to this is a U-shaped concrete structure which served as a sluicegate. There’s a pipe at the bottom and the water flow appears to have been controlled by a board placed in groves at the opening. This same structure is also found at JB Williams Park.
The middle dam is located on the same pond as the lower dam, although it has since been broken. It is the smallest of the three, as it is just as tall as the others but only stretches a few feet. It is completely earthen and does not have a sluicegate like the other two. However, it does have a handful of pipes sticking out of it.
The upper dam is about the same size as the lower dam, although it had the largest pond of the three. It is long, short and made of dirt. It also has the sluicegate, although one side has since cracked. It no longer holds water as it has been broken like the others.
The history of these dams is pretty muddy. While they were likely used to just hold water, as they aren’t big enough to power a mill, it’s unclear why three dams were needed or what the water was used for. There are no records of anything in this specific area and there are no remains of anything around them. The middle and upper dams still held water according to aerial photos from the 1960’s, while the lower dam held until the 1990’s.